Wick drowning is a common issue that can occur when burning candles, particularly those made from natural waxes like beeswax or soy wax. It happens when the wick becomes saturated with wax, preventing it from properly burning and producing a flame. This can lead to an uneven burn, excessive smoking, and a decrease in scent throw.
There are several factors that can contribute to wick drowning, including the type of wax used, the size and type of wick, and the ambient temperature and humidity. Soy wax and beeswax, for example, tend to have a lower melting point than paraffin wax, which means they can melt and pool around the wick more easily. Using a wick that is too small or trimming it too short can also lead to wick drowning, as there may not be enough surface area for the flame to consume the wax.
To prevent wick drowning, it is important to choose the right type and size of wick for the candle and to keep the wick trimmed to a proper length of around 1/4 inch. It is also important to avoid burning candles in drafty areas or in areas with high humidity, as this can cause the wax to melt and pool unevenly.
If you do notice wick drowning occurring in your candle, there are a few things you can try to fix it. First, blow out the candle and allow the wax to cool and harden. Then, use a toothpick or other small tool to gently remove any excess wax from around the wick. You can also try re-lighting the candle and using a paper towel to absorb any excess wax as it melts.
In some cases, wick drowning may be a sign of a larger issue with the candle, such as a poor quality wick or a candle that has been improperly stored. If you consistently experience wick drowning with your candles, it may be worth exploring other options or reaching out to a candle maker or retailer for advice.
Overall, wick drowning is a common issue that can be frustrating for candle enthusiasts. By taking steps to prevent it and addressing it when it does occur, you can ensure that your candles burn safely and without interruptions.